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MPIWG,. n.d. “Metal Monochord From The Charité Collection”.
Object, Instrument, Technology

Invented by John Shore in 1711, the tuning fork was initially used by musicians. After Chladni’s studies of its vibrations, however, it was also extensively employed by acousticians, who praised the purity of its sound. Hermann von Helmholtz, especially, based his experiments with beats, combination tones, and simple tones on tuning forks attached to resonators that enhanced their suitability for experimentation.

Location

After coming to Paris in 1851, Rudolph Koenig trained with the violin maker Vuillaume until 1858, when he launched his own instrument-making business at Place Lycée Louis-le-Grand. Koenig’s workshop participated in Paris’s flourishing activities in scientific research and instrument-making from the 1830s to the 1880s. More specifically, it contributed to the development of acoustics as an independent field of research.

Person

The silk manufacturer Johann Heinrich Scheibler invented a method to tune keyboards with unprecedented accuracy, applying principles that he had developed in his textile factory. His technique involved a set of tuning forks called a tonometer, a chronometer, and the counting of beats. It aimed to deskill tuning so that anyone could achieve precise tuning regardless of their musical ear. He explained his invention in Der physikalische und musikalische Tonmesser of 1834.

1777
1837
Text
(1677) 1677. “Dr. Wallis's Letter To The Publisher, Concerning A New Musical Discovery; Written From Oxford, March 14. 1676/7”. Philosophical Transactions Of The Royal Society 12 (134): 839-842.
Video
Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Demonstration Of A Disk Siren”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OHfQLtMWWc.
Video
Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Sounds, Vibrations, And Marloye's Harp”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Dro3_nwwUcI&list=PLslExxbg3O-fAeclmcjO0LId_xADwxalv&index=5.
Text
Springer, Anton. 1961. “Zeitlupe Für Sprache Und Musik”.
Video
University of Michigan,. (25 July 2014AD) 2014. “Siren Disk Demo – The Musical Scale”. Houghton, Michigan: Michigan Technological University. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hpt2LWgGQwo.
Video
University of Michigan,. (11 Sept 2014AD) 2014. “Tuning Fork In Slow Motion”. Houghton, Michigan: Michigan Technological University. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CS0Ax_JM1iQ.