Person

Marin Mersenne, often referred to as the father of modern acoustics, lived in Paris for most of his life but was in contact with scholars from all over Europe. Born in 1604, he attended the Jesuit College in La Flèche, one of France’s most prestigious schools for the cultural, political, and ecclesiastical elite. He then studied theology at the Sorbonne and the Collège Royal. In 1611, he abandoned his studies to enter the mendicant Order of Minims. He took up residence at the order’s monastery on the Place Royale, Paris, in 1619.

1588
1648
Location

After coming to Paris in 1851, Rudolph Koenig trained with the violin maker Vuillaume until 1858, when he launched his own instrument-making business at Place Lycée Louis-le-Grand. Koenig’s workshop participated in Paris’s flourishing activities in scientific research and instrument-making from the 1830s to the 1880s. More specifically, it contributed to the development of acoustics as an independent field of research.

Person

The silk manufacturer Johann Heinrich Scheibler invented a method to tune keyboards with unprecedented accuracy, applying principles that he had developed in his textile factory. His technique involved a set of tuning forks called a tonometer, a chronometer, and the counting of beats. It aimed to deskill tuning so that anyone could achieve precise tuning regardless of their musical ear. He explained his invention in Der physikalische und musikalische Tonmesser of 1834.

1777
1837
Person
1872
1926
Person

Inventor of the trumpet automaton, several musical automata, and the harmonichord. Clockmaker, instrument maker and musician in Dresden. Founder of the cabinet of acoustics in Dresden.

1785
1866
Location

Today the Phonogramm-Archiv (“phonogram archive”) encompasses around 150,000 sound recordings; it also holds textual and photographic documents and some historical recording and playback devices. Initiated in 1900 by psychologists Carl Stumpf and Erich Moritz von Hornbostel, the Phonogramm-Archiv started as a private collection, based at Stumpf’s Institute of Psychology at the University of Berlin.

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Musikforschung, Staatliches. 2012. Chain Of Pure Major 3Rds & Quarter-Tone Between D♯ And E♭. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=devw0fWeYmE.
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Studio31, Musikakademie. 2017. First Rehearsal With Vocal Ensemble And Arciorgano. https://youtu.be/hw-nnPobsaU.
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“Audio Preservationist Carl Haber, 2013 Macarthur Fellow | Macarthur Foundation”. 2013.
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Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Demonstration Of A Disk Siren”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OHfQLtMWWc.