Person

H. J. L. Struycken was a Dutch otolaryngologist, phonetician, and acoustician. After studying medicine in Groningen, in 1893 he started working at the Voorburg psychiatric hospital near Vught, where he attempted to distinguish psychiatric conditions from neurological speech disorders. His interest in phonetics and acoustics took Struycken to France and Germany, to visit clinics and approach instrument makers who could produce tuning forks for him to use in his clinical research.

1896
1950
Person

Marin Mersenne, often referred to as the father of modern acoustics, lived in Paris for most of his life but was in contact with scholars from all over Europe. Born in 1604, he attended the Jesuit College in La Flèche, one of France’s most prestigious schools for the cultural, political, and ecclesiastical elite. He then studied theology at the Sorbonne and the Collège Royal. In 1611, he abandoned his studies to enter the mendicant Order of Minims. He took up residence at the order’s monastery on the Place Royale, Paris, in 1619.

1588
1648
Person

The silk manufacturer Johann Heinrich Scheibler invented a method to tune keyboards with unprecedented accuracy, applying principles that he had developed in his textile factory. His technique involved a set of tuning forks called a tonometer, a chronometer, and the counting of beats. It aimed to deskill tuning so that anyone could achieve precise tuning regardless of their musical ear. He explained his invention in Der physikalische und musikalische Tonmesser of 1834.

1777
1837
Person
1872
1926
Person

Inventor of the trumpet automaton, several musical automata, and the harmonichord. Clockmaker, instrument maker and musician in Dresden. Founder of the cabinet of acoustics in Dresden.

1785
1866
Video
Musikforschung, Staatliches. 2012. Chain Of Pure Major 3Rds & Quarter-Tone Between D♯ And E♭. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=devw0fWeYmE.
Video
Studio31, Musikakademie. 2017. First Rehearsal With Vocal Ensemble And Arciorgano. https://youtu.be/hw-nnPobsaU.
Video
“Audio Preservationist Carl Haber, 2013 Macarthur Fellow | Macarthur Foundation”. 2013.
Video
Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Recording The Vibrations Of Tuning Forks”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o7A4jyFG7hE.
Video
Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Demonstration Of A Disk Siren”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OHfQLtMWWc.