Person

Jules Antoine Lissajous was a high-school teacher, then held prestigious administrative posts in the education system of various parts of France. He had trained in physics, and defended his dissertation on vibratory phenomena in 1850.

1822
1880
Person

The silk manufacturer Johann Heinrich Scheibler invented a method to tune keyboards with unprecedented accuracy, applying principles that he had developed in his textile factory. His technique involved a set of tuning forks called a tonometer, a chronometer, and the counting of beats. It aimed to deskill tuning so that anyone could achieve precise tuning regardless of their musical ear. He explained his invention in Der physikalische und musikalische Tonmesser of 1834.

1777
1837
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Musikforschung, Staatliches. 2012. Chain Of Pure Major 3Rds & Quarter-Tone Between D♯ And E♭. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=devw0fWeYmE.
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Studio31, Musikakademie. 2017. First Rehearsal With Vocal Ensemble And Arciorgano. https://youtu.be/hw-nnPobsaU.
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Turner, Steven. 2012. “Introduction To Tuning Forks From The National Museum Of American History”. Smithsonian National Museum of American History. https://youtu.be/arP0Jq35dws.
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Braguinski, Nikita. 2018. Tuning Forks Owned By The Media Archaeological Fundus (Video).
Video
Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica,. (17 August 2015AD) 2015. “Demonstration Of A Disk Siren”. Florence, Italy: Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9OHfQLtMWWc.
Person

Alexander John Ellis was born Alexander John Sharpe on June 14, 1814, in Hoxton, Middlesex, and died in London on October 28, 1890. He studied mathematics and philology at Trinity College Cambridge, earning his bachelor’s degree in 1837. Ellis later became a phonetician, whose work in vocal and musical pitch, speech, and song also influenced the field of musicology. Among his most important contributions were the annotated translation of Hermann von Helmholtz’s On the Sensations of Tone and his development of the notion of cent for musical intervals.

 

1814
1890
Video
University of Michigan,. (25 July 2014AD) 2014. “Siren Disk Demo – The Musical Scale”. Houghton, Michigan: Michigan Technological University. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Hpt2LWgGQwo.