Carl Seashore

Date of
January 28, 1866, in Mörlunda, Sweden
Date of
October 16, 1949, in Lewiston, Idaho, USA

Carl Emil Seashore was born Carl Emil Sjöstrand on January 28, 1866, in Mörlunda, Sweden, and died on October 16, 1949, in Lewiston, Idaho.

Seashore’s family emigrated from Sweden to Iowa when he was three years old. Seashore attended Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter, Minnesota, a Swedish Lutheran institution where he studied mathematics, music, classical languages, and literature. After earning his bachelor’s degree in 1881, Seashore attended the newly founded Graduate Department of Philosophy and Psychology at Yale University. In 1895, he received his PhD in psychology under Edward Wheeler Scripture with a dissertation on the role of inhibition in learning. In 1897, Seashore became assistant professor of philosophy at the University of Iowa, where he served as Graduate College dean from 1908 until he retired in 1946.

Seashore was interested in educational psychology and the psychology of music and art, especially in audiology, speech, stuttering, and the measurement of scholastic motivation and aptitude. In 1919, he developed the Seashore Test for Musical Ability, which is still used in US schools today.

Seashore became president of the American Psychological Association in 1911, and was awarded honorary degrees by Yale University in 1935 and the Chicago Musical College in 1939. He was a member of the Acoustical Society of America and the American Musicological Society. He was also elected to the National Academy of Sciences and made an honorary fellow of the British Psychological Society.


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Compiled by JH | Picture: CC0 | Wikimedia


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